Single Herb Glossary

Glossary Home


Gāo Liáng Jiāng 高良姜

Pharmaceutical name Alpiniae officinarum Rhizoma lesser galangal rhizome, galanga
Category Warm Interior, Expel Cold
Key Properties Warms the Stomach
Disperses Cold
Stops pain
Directs rebellious Qi downward
Properties Acrid
Tropism SP, ST
Actions & Indications 1) Warms Middle and Alleviates Pain
Dosages 3-9g
Contraindications (TCM) Interior Heat with Yin Deficiency
Contraindications (Western)
Chemical Composition Essential oils 0.5 to 1.5% (cineol, methy cinnamate, eugenol, pinene, cadinene, galangol), flavonoids (galangin, kampferide, kaempferol, quercetin, isorhamnetin)
Pharmacological Effects • Gastrointestinal: various effects on gastrointestinal system; both water and alcohol extracts have demonstrated marked analgesic and cholagogic effects; in addition, both have shown marked preventative and treatment effects on peptic ulcers and diarrhea; water extract also has inhibitory effect on gastrointestinal system, as it decreases intestinal peristalsis
• Analgesic: may be used to treat angina, as it has a rapid onset of analgesic effect
• Antibiotic: inhibitory effect on Bacillus anthracis, Corynebacterium diphtheriae, Diplococcus pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi, S. aureus, β-hemolytic streptococcus, and Mycobacterium tuberculosis hominis
Herb-Drug Interactions
Classical Formula(s)

Liang Fu Wan (Galangal & Cyperus Pill) 良附丸

Tian Tai Wu Yao San (Top-Quality Lindera Powder) 天臺烏藥散 (天台烏药散)


This information is a reference tool for Chinese herbal studies. It is not intended to replace professional medical advice. Please consult a primary health professional if you require health advisory.