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Chén Pí (Jú Pí) 陳皮

Pharmaceutical name Citri reticulatae Pericarpium aged tangerine peel, citrus “aged peel”
Category Regulate Qi
Key Properties Promotes the flow of Qi
Dries Dampness
Properties Acrid, Bitter
Tropism LU, SP, ST
Actions & Indications 1) Regulates Qi, Adjust Middle, & Relieves Diaphragm (pain, distentoin/fullness, nausea/vomiting)
2) Dries Damp & Transforms Phlegm (chest Phlegm, Middle Jiao turbidity)
3) Helps Prevent Stagnation: Prevent Cloying of Herbs
Dosages 3-9g
Contraindications (TCM) Caution with Excess Heat in interior, fluid def, and/or cough from Qi or Yin Deficiency
Extreme caution with hematemesis
Long-term use can injure the primal Qi
Contraindications (Western)
Chemical Composition Hesperidin, nobiletin, limonene, α-pinene, β-pinene, β-phellandrene, tangeretin
Pharmacological Effects • Gastrointestinal: injection of herb shown to stimulate contraction of smooth muscle and to increase intestinal peristalsis
• Antiasthmatic: decoction shown to dilate bronchi in rabbits
• Anti-inflammatory: intraperitoneal administration shown ability to decrease permeability of blood vessels and reduce inflammation in mice with inflammation or allergy
• Cardiovascular: intravenous injection increases contractility and cardiac output of heart without significant changes to heart rate; also dilates coronary artery; at larger doses, decrease in heart rate and contractility; in other studies, injection demonstrated increase in blood pressure in rats; however, duration of effectiveness was rather short, as blood pressure returned to normal after 3 minutes; repeated injection associated with repeated increase in blood pressure
Herb-Drug Interactions
Classical Formula(s)

Wu Pi San (Five Peel powder) 五皮散

Bao He Wan (Preserve Harmony Pill) 保和丸

He Ren Yin (Fleeceflower Root and Ginseng Drink) 何人飲

Hui Yang Jiu Ji Tang (Restore and Revive the Yang Decoction) 回陽救急湯

Ju Pi Zhu Ru Tang (Tangerine Peel and Bamboo Shavings Decoction) 橘皮竹茹湯

Mu Xiang Bing Lang Wan (Aucklandia and Betel Nut Pill) 木香檳榔丸

Qing Qi Hua Tan Wan (Clear the Qi and transform Phlegm Pill) 清氣化痰湯

Ren Shen Yang Rong Tang (Ginseng decoction to nourish luxuriance) 人參養榮湯 (人参养荣汤)

Shi Shen Tang (Ten-Miracle Decoction) 十神湯

Tong Xie Yao Fang (Important Formula for painful Diarrhea) 痛瀉要方 (痛泻要方)

Xiang Fu Xuan Fu Hua Tang (Cyperus and Inula Decoction) 香附旋覆花湯

Ba Wei Dai Xia Fang (Eight-Ingredient Formula for Vaginal Discharge) 八味帶下方

Bu Huan Jin Zheng Qi San (Rectify the Qi Powder Worth More than Gold) 不換金正氣散

Bu Zhong Yi Qi Tang (Tonify the middle to augment the qi decoction) 補中益氣湯

Chai Hu Shu Gan San (Bupleurum Powder to Dredge the Liver) 柴胡疏肝散

Ding Xian Wan (delete Zhu Sha)(Arrest Seizures Pill) 定涎丸(減硃砂)

Ge Hua Jie Cheng San (Kudzu Flower Powder to Relieve Hangovers) 葛花解酲散

Gu Jing Wan (Stabilize the Menses Pill) 固經丸 (固经丸)

Hai Zao Yu Hu Tang (Sargassum decoction for the Jade Flask) 海藻玉壺湯

Hao Qin Qing Dan Tang Sweet Wormwood and Scutellaria Decoction to Clear Gallbladder) 蒿芩清膽湯

Hou Po Wen Zhong Tang (Magnolia Bark Decoction for Warming the Middle) 厚朴温中湯

Hu Qian Wan (Hidden Tiger Pill) (deleted hu gu) 虎潛丸 (減虎骨)

Huo Xiang Zheng Qi San (Agastache powder to Rectify the Qi) 藿香正氣散 (藿香正气散)

Ji Ming San (Powder to Take at Cock's Crow) 雞鳴散

Jia Wei Xiang Su San (Augmented Cyperus and Perilla Leaf Powder) 加味香蘇散

Jian Pi Wan (Strenghten the Spleen Pill) 健脾丸

Ping Wei San (Calm the Stomach Powder) 平胃散

Sheng Yang Yi Wei Tang (Raise the Yang and Augment the Stomach Decoction) 升陽益胃湯

Su Zi Jiang Qi Tang (Perilla Fruit Decoction for Directing Qi down) 蘇子降氣湯 (苏子降气汤)

Wan Dai Tang (End Discharge Decoction) 完帶湯 (完带汤)

Wen Dan Tang (Warm Gallbladder Decoction) 溫膽湯 (温胆汤)

Wu Ji San (Five-accumula-tion powder) 五积散

Wu Ren Wan (Five-Seed Wan) 五仁丸

Xian Fang Huo Ming Yin (Immortals Formula for Sustaining Life) 仙方活命飲

Xing Su San (Apricot Kernel and Perilla Leaf Powder) 杏蘇散 (杏苏散)

Zhi Sou San (Stop Coughing Powder) 止嗽散

Zhong Man Fen Xiao Wan (Separate and Reduce Fullness in the Middle Pill) 中滿分消丸

Zhou Che Wan (Vessel and Vehicle Pill) (deleted qing fen) 舟車丸 (減輕粉)

Zi Yin Jiang Huo Tang (Decoction to Enrich the Yin and Direct Fire Downward) 滋陰降火湯


This information is a reference tool for Chinese herbal studies. It is not intended to replace professional medical advice. Please consult a primary health professional if you require health advisory.