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Qīng Pí 青皮

Pharmaceutical name Citri Reticulatae Viride Pericarpium, unripe/green tangerine peel “green peel”
Category Regulate Qi
Key Properties Directs downward, Dredges LV
Breaks up Qi stagnation & clumping, Harmonize ST
Properties Bitter
Tropism GB, LV, ST
Actions & Indications 1) Spreads LV Qi & Breaks Up Stagnant Qi (chest, breast, hypochondrium)
2) Dissipates Clumps & Reduce Stagnation (severe stagnation)
Dosages 3-9g
Contraindications (TCM) Caution with Qi Deficiency: this herb fiercely consumes Qi
Long term use or large doses not recommmended
Contraindications (Western)
Chemical Composition Hesperidin, nobiletin, limonene, α-pinene, β-pinene, β-phellandrene
Pharmacological Effects • Gastrointestinal: injection relieves spasms and cramps by inhibiting contraction of smooth muscles of stomach, intestines, and gallbladder
• Respiratory: demonstrated marked antitussive, expectorant, and antiasthmatic properties in animals; intravenous injection dilates bronchi and prevents bronchial constriction for up to one hour
• Sympathomimetic: stimulates both CNS and cardiovascular system; in one study, intravenous injection increased both blood pressure and respiration rate, while oral administration showed little effect; furthermore, repeated injection within short period of time may contribute to tolerance; clinically, herb injection (equivalent bulk herb dose of l g/kg) has effect similar to but more prolonged than that of 10 mcg/kg of epinephrine
Herb-Drug Interactions
Classical Formula(s)

Mu Xiang Bing Lang Wan (Aucklandia and Betel Nut Pill) 木香檳榔丸

Shu Gan Tang (Dredge the Liver Decoction) 疏肝湯

Tian Tai Wu Yao San (Top-Quality Lindera Powder) 天臺烏藥散 (天台烏药散)

Ge Hua Jie Cheng San (Kudzu Flower Powder to Relieve Hangovers) 葛花解酲散

Hai Zao Yu Hu Tang (Sargassum decoction for the Jade Flask) 海藻玉壺湯

Zhou Che Wan (Vessel and Vehicle Pill) (deleted qing fen) 舟車丸 (減輕粉)


This information is a reference tool for Chinese herbal studies. It is not intended to replace professional medical advice. Please consult a primary health professional if you require health advisory.