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Rǔ Xiāng 乳香

Pharmaceutical name Olibanum Frankincense, gum olibanum, mastic "milk fragrance"
Category Invigorate Blood
Key Properties Invigorates the Blood
Promotes movement of Qi, Stops pain
Generates flesh
Properties Acrid
Tropism HT, LV, SP
Actions & Indications 1) Invigorate Blood and Promotes Movement of Qi (trauma, sores)
2) Relaxes Sinews, Invigorates Channels, and Alleviates Pain
3) Reduce Swell & Generates Flesh (Topically for wound/sores)
Dosages 3-9g
Contraindications (TCM) Absence of stasis, or during pregnancy
Caution with weak stomachs
Should not be used long term.
Contraindications (Western)
Chemical Composition α-boswellic acid, β-boswellic acid, olibanoresene, arabic acid, bassorin, pinene, dipentene, α-phellandrene, β-phellandrene
Pharmacological Effects • Analgesic: demonstrated marked analgesic effect in humans and in laboratory animals
Herb-Drug Interactions
Classical Formula(s)

Qi Li San (Seven-Thousandths of a Tael Powder) (zhu sha and she xiang replaced with shi chang pu) 七厘散 (朱砂和麝香用石菖蒲代替)

Su He Xiang Wan (delete She Xiang, Zhu Sha, An Xi Xiang) (Liquid Styrax Pill) 蘇合香丸(減麝香,硃砂,安息香)

Huo Luo Xiao Ling Dan (Wonderfully Effective Pill to Invigorate the Collaterals) 活絡效靈丹

Juan Bi Tang (Remove Painful Obstruction Decoction) 蠲痺湯

Xian Fang Huo Ming Yin (Immortals Formula for Sustaining Life) 仙方活命飲

Xiao Huo Luo Dan (Minor Invigorate the Collaterals Special Pill) 小活絡丹 (小活络丹)


This information is a reference tool for Chinese herbal studies. It is not intended to replace professional medical advice. Please consult a primary health professional if you require health advisory.